Dar es Salaam, meaning The Haven of Peace in Arabic, has one of the best deep natural harbours in the world. From a small Swahili town in the middle of the 19th century, Dar es Salaam has grown into a large metropolitan centre with a population of over 3,500,000 dwellers. The city population represents the over 120 tribes of Tanzania with their different cultural backgrounds coming together, alongside the oriental civilizations from the far and middle east, and the Europeans including early Portuguese visitors in the 16th Century, the Germans and later the British.

All cultures at one time or another passed through Dar es Salaam. It is necessary to visit Dar es Salaam to understand the secret of letting different cultures live together in absolute harmony. Being the commercial capital of Tanzania, Dar es Salaam is also the main gateway to the nature reserves of southern Tanzania, which include the Selous Game Reserve and the National Parks of Mikumi, Ruaha and Udzungwa Mountains, Saadani and Kitulo.

It also serves as a convenient connection for travel to the islands of Mafia, Zanzibar and Pemba both by sea and air. A city tour of Dar es Salaam will take you to the National Museum


Set like a jewel in tranquil coral waters, only 20 minutes flight from Dar es  Salaam, is one of the world‘s most beautiful islands – Zanzibar. Its name evokes  a romantic past. To the shores of these islands came Summerians, Assyrians,  Hindus, Egyptians, Phoenicians, Arabians, Chinese, Malaysians, and the  Portuguese, all sailing in on Monsoon winds. From these shores the great  European explorers Burton, Speke, Livingstone, Krapf, Rebman, and Grant set  out on their voyages of discovery into the East and Central African hinterland.

The different races that have settled in Zanzibar over the centuries have left  an imprint on the people and the architecture. The “House of Wonders” and  the narrow streets of the Old Stone Town are just some of the vivid reminders  of the islands long and coloured history. Zanzibar is also the birthplace of  the fascinating Swahili culture with its elegant architecture, full of balconies,  courtyards, hand-carved doors and mosques. For centuries the historic spice  Islands of Zanzibar has evoked a mystical and magical dream. Fascinating  history, exotic spices, sandy beaches and hospitable people… this is the  enchantment of Zanzibar. Different excursions are arranged while in Zanzibar.  These include taking visitors to spices plantations in the countryside where  a variety of seasonal spices, tropical fruits and medicinal herbs are grown.

Detailed description of the spices is given, and their uses in cooking and  cosmetics. Guests will be fascinated by the sheer number of spices produced,  and by their incredible value for many ailments. This is also the cheapest place  to purchase spices and oil extracts. Zanzibar is popularly referred to as the  – Spice Islands. Another popular excursion is the Zanzibar Stone Town Tour  which is literary a travel into history of this old capital of the Omani Sultans.  Other excursions will include the old slave caves in Mangapwani, the prison  island, ruins of what was the palace of the Sultan Said, the old slave market and  many other historical places.  Zanzibar is an archipelago consisting of two main islands of Unguja (also  referred to as Zanzibar) and Pemba, and several other surrounding small islets.

Pemba island is located about 80km from Zanzibar Island (Unguja), about the  same distance directly east of Tanga on the Tanzanian mainland. With its hilly  landscape and altitude not exceeding 100 metres above sea level at its highest  point, Pemba Island is by size smaller and a less known destination than Unguja.  Named “The Green Island” by the early Arab sailors due to her dense and  lush vegetation, Pemba has more natural forests, plantations and grows more  cloves than her sister island of Zanzibar (Unguja) to the south. The interesting  point about Pemba is its wealth of natural resources ranging from beaches to  mangrove ecosystems to natural forests. The coral reefs surrounding the island  protect a massive amount of marine species and offer some of the best diving  spots in the world. While much of the coast is lined with mangroves, there are a  few amazing stretches of shoreline and enough attractive offshore islands with  pure, clean beaches and interesting bird-life


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